National motto/salute: Pula! which means “let there be rain”. This is a reflection of the centrality of rain in this semi-arid country.
NB: The Botswana currency is also called "Pula". It is important to also note that to the people of Botswana (Batswana), Pula means more than just 'rain'. It represents life itself, happiness, good health and prosperity, as well as warm greetings or warm welcome or bon voyage.
blue represents the sky and water (NB:
the national currency is
National Coat of Arms:
The three cog wheels represent mining and industry in Botswana. The three wavy blue bands in the centre represent the few rivers in the country and the importance of or reliance on water.
A bull’s head symbolises the importance of the cattle industry in the country’s economy. The two Zebras, one supporting an Elephant's tusk, represent the natural fauna of the country, while a head of sorghum represents Agriculture.
The motto “Pula” means “let there be rain”.
National Anthem: Adopted 1966; lyrics/music by Kgalemang Tumediso MOTSETE.
FATSHE LA RONA
OUR LAND (translation in English)
¶Song music in words¶
National animal: Zebra;
The Zebra became the symbol of Botswana because it is considered to be neutral in so far as tribal symbols go, and secondly because its black and white colours are in consonance with the colours of the flag, which represent racial harmony of the people as well as the pluralistic racial composition of the nation.
National tree: Morula (Sclerocarya birrea, sub species, caffra)
National bird: Kgori (Kgori bustard)
National flower: Sengaparile (Harpagophytum procumbens)
National grass: Motsikiri (Eragrostis pallens)